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Sawan & Bhado (July & August) is Ropa time. The process begins about 21 days before transplantation. Paddy seeds are sowed in a small plot and within 21 days the seeds sprout into saplings, ready for transplantation. 

The paddy field is prepared by trapping water and tilling. Soil is tilled to change its structure, to kill weeds, and to manage crop residues. Elimination of weeds is important, because they compete for water, nutrients, and light. The rice soil is specially tilled after plowing in order to create a better seedbed under the water, using tractors or ox driven plow operating in water four to six inches (10 to 15 centimetres) deep. After this special tillage, fertilizer is added. 

After the paddy field is ready, the rice saplings are uprooted, tied in bundles and transferred to the paddy field. Women form a row, each holding a tuft of saplings, planting one sapling at a time and moving backwards. All the while women either tell tales or sing folk songs. 

In the yesteryears a kadoleta pooja was performed before the ropa and villagers helped (madaid) each other during ropa time. After the ropa, there usually used to be a feast with plenty of rice bear and pork.


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TRIBALZONE is a place for all Chotanagpur tribals , regardless of blood quantum, to "gather" and to heal, and share their unique cultures, artistic talents and rich heritage.